MEER's Urban Cooling is a heat adaptation project series designed to make dwellings and other structures more livable in places where people are suffering. Urban Cooling will first take place in Ahmedabad, India, and in Freetown, Sierra Leone. These projects involve the installation of solar reflectors on rooftops of the homes of people who cannot afford any other means of regulating the temperature.
Cooling technologies typically employed by those in wealthy nations and communities are often unavailable or too expensive for many others, and only add to the strain on global energy consumption. Our solar reflector designs are passive and do not require electricity or other power sources to be operative, which is another benefit for those in need as well as for the general problem of growing energy requirements.
The heat in India can be unbearable. In the western city of Ahmedabad, temperatures can remain over 104°F (40°C) in the evening, when people are trying to sleep. This is not something people just get used to. It is something they must endure. They and others like them suffer the most from global warming while being the least responsible for GHG pollution.
With help from Ahmedabad University and a local non-profit housing trust, MEER plans to install solar reflectors on a number of rooftops to bring immediate, free relief to suffering families. The project will record and deliver valuable data as well, to help MEER quantify, develop and deploy similar types of projects around the world.
Climate change is disrupting crop yields, reducing access to food, and affecting food quality. Projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability will continue to result in reduced agricultural productivity. MEER aims to build adaptation for communities living in regions suffering from crop failure due to thermal intolerance. Our adaptive mitigation technology can lower local temperatures through passive cooling to help the efforts of farmers as we all work toward fighting rising heat across all fronts.